Main Purpose of Legal Aid
Under the British legal system, South Africa has lawyers who work in the supreme courts and lawyers who provide out-of-court advice and work in the lower courts.  The United Nations Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems (UNPG) distinguish between “legal aid provider” and “legal aid service provider.” The legal aid provider is the person who provides legal aid, such as a lawyer or paralegal. The legal aid service provider is the organization that provides legal aid and may, for example, employ the legal aid provider (see annex, A.-Introduction, para. 9). While both are important in ensuring access to legal aid, Theme 7 focuses on the roles and responsibilities of legal aid donors. It also briefly discusses the roles and responsibilities of other criminal justice officers, particularly police officers. Legal aid boards use a mixed model to provide legal representation. Legal representation may be entrusted to an in-house in-house lawyer or referred to a private lawyer. The blended model is particularly advantageous for providing services to clients in regional jurisdictions and in cases where a conflict of interest means that the same lawyer cannot represent both parties. Other sources of legal aid funding include private foundations and donations, government funding, often through state legal foundations, contracts and grants from federal, state, and local agencies, and scholarships. Crucially, in Lassiter v. Department of Social Services, the Court did not extend this legal aid guarantee to civil cases, since it found that this provision was less necessary in matters where freedom was not at stake.
 A concerted movement toward substantial civil legal assistance in the United States did not develop until the mid-1900s. The first developments date back to 1876, when the first known legal aid society, the German Society of Immigrants, was founded in New York City.  In 1965, there were approximately 157 legal aid agencies nationally, serving almost every major city.  The landmark Supreme Court decision, Gideon v. Wainwright, guaranteed the right to a lawyer in criminal cases, but left the issue of civil assistance unresolved. The movement to expand Gideon into civil cases continues to gain momentum, even as states like New York and California pave the way for more substantial mutual legal assistance systems. The discussion about legal aid and who is privileged for such a service has been criticized by legal scholars who claim that those who dominate and write the stories of people who seek legal aid are people who profit from the fact that the client`s narrative is an inevitable poverty and despair of a person. Critics argue that these asymmetric and schematically constructed client profiles are necessary for civil legal aid programs within the capitalist framework of the United States as a tool to attract donors and other sources of funding.
These representations and assessments of who seeks and deserves legal aid are seen as contributing to a culture of blame for victims of poverty, as the narratives exclude the role of the state and other civil society stakeholders in creating these client circumstances.  However, legal aid is not granted in civil or referral proceedings, as these are not criminal proceedings. Legal aid is closely linked to the welfare state and the provision of legal aid by a State is influenced by attitudes towards social protection. Legal aid is state social assistance for people who would not otherwise be able to afford legal aid. Legal aid also helps to enforce social provisions by giving persons entitled to social benefits, such as social housing, access to legal advice and justice. Include neighbourhood legal clinics and their multifaceted approach to a multifaceted problem. Since poverty law is “not an area of specialization,” there may be several problems that a single client may experience at the same time and not all of them are related to a particular case or so closely related that addressing one part of the problem leads to a kind of chain reaction that affects all moving parts.  Administratively, the Legal Aid Department was subordinate to the administrative wing of the Office of the Chief Secretary. In 2007, it was transferred to the Office of Internal Affairs, which is primarily responsible for cultural affairs and local administration.
This has been strongly criticised by the pro-democracy opposition camp, as it endangers the neutrality of legal aid. They voted en bloc against the entire restructuring plan for the Politburo, which included the relocation of the Legal Aid Department. It`s an exciting time – but of course, the intensive work begins now. If we take a brief overview of the reality on the ground, hundreds of millions of people currently do not have access to legal representation, they are detained for months or even years, without being informed of their rights and without appearing in court. Accused persons who are prosecuted and who do not have the means to hire a lawyer are not only provided with legal aid in connection with the charges, but also with legal representation, either in the form of court-appointed lawyers or, in the absence of provisions or due to procedural overloads, a court-appointed lawyer. In the past, legal aid has played an important role in ensuring respect for the economic, social and cultural rights that can be ensured in the areas of social security, housing, social protection, public or private health and education services, as well as labour and anti-discrimination legislation. Lawyers such as Mauro Cappelletti argue that legal aid is essential to enable individuals to access justice by enabling the individual legal application of economic, social and cultural rights. His views developed in the second half of the 20th century, when democracies with capitalist economies established liberal welfare states centered on the individual. States acted as entrepreneurs and service providers within a free market philosophy that emphasized the citizen as a consumer. This has led to an emphasis on individual application in order to achieve the realization of rights for all.  When Latino/A clients come into contact with the criminal justice system in their home country, they may have difficulty understanding the U.S.
legal system.  When providing legal services to Latin American clients, legal professionals should ask what nationality or ethnic group the client belongs to.  Lawyers and legal aid providers should not assume that Latino/A or Hispanic clients speak Spanish. You must confirm which language(s) the customer speaks.  It is recommended that legal organizations translate documents about court proceedings into Spanish so that Spanish-speaking clients can understand legal terminology.  Undocumented Latinos may face additional immigration consequences because the legal representation that Latino/A clients receive in this jurisdiction does not have a cultural and immigration background.  The East Bay Community Law Center provides free legal services to residents of Alameda County. There are a variety of Berkeley Boalt Law School legal clinics and legal departments within the EBCLC and each has its own criteria that determine the eligibility of potential clients to receive their services.