Law Making Process in Parliament of Uganda
The legislative process takes the following steps when a government ministry or department in Uganda proposes legislation: 1. The relevant ministry addresses the Cabinet through a Cabinet memorandum with a proposal to the Cabinet to approve the principles for drafting the law. Cabinet approval is normally required before the drafting of the law in question. This is provided for in section 2 (Q-b) of the Uganda Civil Service Rules, 2010. 2. However, paragraph 2(b) of Division Q-b authorizes the preparation of a bill by the Chief Parliamentary Counsel if the Attorney General or the Attorney General approves the drafting of the bill without consulting the Cabinet. According to the paragraph, this power should be granted only in exceptional circumstances. The application to the authority must be made through the competent minister. One of the main actors in parliamentary work is the executive, represented by the Vice-President and the Prime Minister/Head of Government Affairs. During the State of the Union address, the chief executive describes his achievements and what they intend to do next year, but also outlines his legislative agenda and outlines the laws his administration plans to introduce next year. At that point, the Speaker leaves the chair and assumes the chair of the Committee of the Whole, which includes all other members.
(So, a Committee of the Whole House) The procedure for the adoption of the bill, Rule 23(1) of Parliament`s Rules of Procedure, provides for the required quorum of Parliament, which corresponds to one third of all Members entitled to vote. “It is not possible for the clerk to make changes to what has been agreed to in Parliament because Hansard is there,” says Wabwire. “The president will now give his approval and the processes for enacting the law are complete. The Act comes into force on the day on which it is signed or the Minister may fix a date for its coming into force. The Prime Minister, who is the head of government business, then ensures that bills are submitted to Parliament for consideration. Mr. Wabwire described the preliminary process of drafting legislation and explained that NRM, as the government in power, has a manifesto to implement, and to facilitate the process, there are areas where they want to make changes. The process. When a bill is passed by parliament and approved by the president, it becomes an act of parliament. In our case, there are two types of invoices; Government bills and private members` bills. Therefore, an act of parliament creates a new law or amends an existing law, writes Yasiin Mugerwa.
Parliament is the supreme legislature of the country. Its supremacy is largely rooted in Commonwealth practice. The institution of Parliament is too powerful to do anything under the sun except turn a man into a woman or a woman into a man. Paragraph 2 states that `the quorum referred to in paragraph 1 shall be required only when Parliament votes on a matter`. One third of all voting MPs are 125 MPs and, therefore, when a law is passed, a decision is based on that section. When the Committee of the Whole of the House has completed its deliberations, it will report to the House that “the committee has examined and approved the bill submitted to it, with or without amendment, and shall proceed to third reading of the bill upon request. Bill First ReadingM. Wabwire explains that the owner of the bill formally introduces it in Parliament for first reading. At this point, there is no need for debate, the Speaker calls the name of the minister in whose name a bill is written on the regulatory document. The Minister then requests that the bill be read the first time and submit the Certificate of Financial Impact (FCI), as required by the Rules of Procedure of Parliament. A private Member is free to introduce bills with the consent of the House. These bills are recognized in the Constitution in accordance with articles 93 and 44 respectively.
Private members` bills respect restrictions such as financial matters and exceptions to the exercise of rights and freedoms. The Department of Legal and Legislative Services then assists members in drafting these bills. Second readingThis is essentially the `reporting phase` and, according to Mr Wabwire, the minister here justifies Parliament with the explanatory memorandum of the bill, and then the chair presents the conclusions of the commission. The Speaker will then ask that the bill be read the second time. Once the motion is passed, he will begin debate. The Minister is then asked to satisfy Members with some explanations and answers to Members` questions. A motion was accepted again, but members had to proceed to the bill committee stage. Members who have amendments can appear before the committee and table their amendments. However, Members whose amendments have been rejected or distorted by the committee may also appeal to the Committee of the Whole of the Assembly. If the House adopts the committee`s report, the bill is deemed to have been read the second time. If a request for a second reading is adopted, Parliament shall continue the debate in committee or set another date for discussion.
The bill is considered in detail, taking into account a clause or subparagraph adopted, amended or rejected by a majority vote, without changing the fundamental principle of the bill. The minister of the sector, according to Mr. Wabwire, is obliged to defend his memorandum to cabinet and justify the principles of the proposed legislation. Once approved by cabinet, the principles are sent to the Attorney General, the government`s legal adviser.