Investment Club Laws
An investment club is a self-managed group of people who pool their money to invest together. Each member can participate in investment decisions. b) The Treasurer`s monthly report shall contain at least: the present value of each investment of the Club and a total value of such investments; a statement of accounts not paid as of the date referred to above and cash on hand; the total value of the Association`s assets and the current unit value, which is determined by dividing the total net asset value by the total number of units issued to members. In another type of investment club, sometimes called a self-directed investment club, members research and select investments together, but they invest individually instead of pooling their money. Does a person advising an investment club have to register with the SEC? Investment Club members can hold educational meetings where they study various investments and make investment decisions together. The group can buy or sell based on a member`s vote. Investment club accounting software can make it easier to manage a club`s books and prepare tax returns. The By-Laws of the Club may be amended or repealed at a duly constituted meeting of the Club with the consent of at least 75% of the members present. Although the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) does not specifically regulate investment clubs, some club activities may fall under the jurisdiction of the SEC, which establishes a structure and ground rules for clubs. For example, if the club invests in securities, it must register with the SEC under the Investment Company Act of 1940. The SEC`s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy is releasing this publication to answer some frequently asked questions investors have about investment clubs. For more investor education tools and resources, visit Investor.gov, the SEC`s website for retail investors.
(b) If a Member dies for any reason or ceases to be a Member, the Club shall pay to the Member or assigns an amount equal to the former Member`s share of the Club`s assets within the meaning of Rule 11. Each Club member will have an account containing: the total investment made by each member through subscription, initial lump sums and/or additional share purchases; the sum of the payments of each member who has resold units to the Club; the total number of shares currently held by the member and the current value of its operations. An investment club is a group of people who come together to pool and invest money. Members typically meet regularly to make investment decisions as a group through a process of reconciliation and log recording, or to gather information and execute investment transactions outside the group.  In the United States, the cap on the value of an investment club is $25 million.  [Audit failed] There is no lower limit. Investment clubs offer members the opportunity to learn more about the markets while meeting and collaborating with people with similar interests.  d) Payment to the member who has left the Club must be made as soon as possible, and in any event within 90 days of the withdrawal taking effect. Club objectives vary, and in the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission may require a club to be registered based on its investment intent. The SEC distinguishes between clubs on the basis of several statutes, including the Securities Act of 1933 and the Investment Company Act of 1940, which deal with whether the club issues member interests that are actually securities. b) The dates and places of meetings may be changed on the basis of a decision taken by a simple majority of the participants in a duly constituted meeting of the Club.
These and all other resolutions must be adopted at a meeting where more than half of the current members have a quorum. Often referred to as incubators, these clubs are formed to buy businesses that generate cash flow and equity. Types of investments range from a group of people buying low-risk franchises with at least two years of significant revenue and positive cash flow, such as large fast food franchises, gas stations, and hotels, to riskier businesses with no revenue history, such as start-ups, inventions or patents and product prototypes. The rules cover the day-to-day aspects of running the club. The affairs of the Club are conducted in accordance with the letter and spirit of the statutes established by the members. The statutes can only be amended with the consent of at least 75% of the current members of the club. Since the Securities Act requires registration of the offer and sale of most securities, the investment club must first decide whether the interests of its members are “securities”. As a general rule, a member`s interest is a security if it is an “investment contract”. A self-directed investment club is a type of investment club in which members do not make financial contributions, but meet regularly or informally to share stock tips and tricks, and then invest in their individual portfolios, not in a shared club portfolio (as is usually the case for investment clubs). The term was coined by financial author and investment club expert Douglas Gerlach in Investment Clubs for Dummies.  While the first investment club in West America dates back to the 1800s, various online communities dedicated to this type of investment have recently sprung up and have contributed to the personal investment boom in the United States.
One of the reasons people get together in investment clubs is to learn how to invest. In the UK, investment clubs started in the 1950s, but the birth rate plummeted around the time of the 2008 financial crisis.  b) A prospective member must be nominated and sent by two existing members to a monthly club meeting. Subject to the agreement of all members participating in this meeting, the name and address of the prospective member will be recorded in the minutes, which will be distributed to all members prior to the next monthly meeting. a) The bank/building company of the association shall be determined annually at the annual general meeting, but may be amended with the consent of a majority of the members at an extraordinary general meeting called in accordance with Article 3. When does an investment club have to register with the SEC as an investment company? The interests of members of the Investment Club may be securities under the Securities Act 1933 (the Securities Act). If this is the case, the SEC may regulate the offer and sale of such interests. With some exceptions, an investment advisor must register with the SEC or one or more states.
Even if an investment advisor is exempt from registration, the anti-fraud provisions of the Advisers Act continue to apply. a) All disputes concerning the interpretation of these rules shall be settled by the President, unless notice is duly served requesting that the matter be resolved by an extraordinary general meeting of the members of the Club. If there are passive members in the investment group, their membership can be considered an investment in a security. Membership would be considered a contract, and since they are not involved in the management of securities selected by the investment club, passive members are similar to mutual fund shareholders.