Autopsia Medico Legal Y Clinica
There are two types of autopsy. On the one hand the clinical or pathological autopsy and on the other hand the medico-legal or judicial autopsy. Each autopsy has a method, conditions, technique and times. These three times are: The first, the clinical autopsy, is performed by a doctor specializing in pathological anatomy and serves to know the causes of death if they are doubtful. It is carried out in hospitals at the request of the family or at the suggestion of the doctors responsible for the patient`s care. Examination and dissection of a corpse showing signs of violence, suspected of poisoning or without a death certificate because it did not receive medical attention. It aims to establish the causes and circumstances of the death in order to conduct a judicial investigation. Also called forensic necropsy. The findings of the judicial autopsy must be summarized in writing, first in an autopsy statement and then in an autopsy report that incorporates all the data obtained.
The word autopsy (from the Greek “autos”, myself and “ophis”, see) means examination of your own eyes, personal examination. They express the series of investigations conducted into the corpse aimed at investigating the causes of death, both directly and indirectly. It is synonymous with necropsy (“nekros”, corpse). Enrique Simonet (Valencia 1866 – Madrid 1927). Anatomy of the Heart or And I Had a Heart! o L`autopsie, 1890. Malaga Museum of Fine Arts in the depot of the Prado Museum. A legal or judicial medical autopsy is performed in the event of a death suspected of being criminal. It examines injuries or pathological changes, the discovery or verification of which serves to clarify the cause of death in a legal case for which it is necessary to reveal not only the reason for the death, but above all, whether the death was due to a crime and any circumstance that makes it possible to identify its perpetrator or to derive the degree of responsibility, that a person may have had.
on the occasion of death. In Spain, the regulation of judicial autopsy is found in the Code of Criminal Procedure (LECr). In general, the medical expert who executes it is a forensic doctor affiliated with the Institute of Forensic Medicine (IML), who corresponds and always corresponds to the request and order of a judge. Subsequently, samples of the organs are sent for anatomical-pathological examination and fluids for toxicological examination. All are sent to the National Institute of Toxicology or, if this is not possible, to the laboratory services working in the institutes of forensic medicine.